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People 2 minutes 13 August 2019

5 Questions with Norway’s Chef Heidi Bjerkan of Credo on Cooking Sustainably

The chef/owner of one-MICHELIN-starred Credo in Trondheim, which won the inaugural MICHELIN Guide Sustainability Award in 2019, shares her sustainable cooking journey.

sustainability Nordic Michelin Guide

Diners at one-MICHELIN-starred restaurant Credo in Trondheim, Norway, can come face to face with the cows that produce the milk that are used in its dishes. Adorning the restaurant walls are black-and-white portraits of cows, which remind diners of the provenance of the dairy products served in the produce-driven restaurant.

“I also show the names of these cows so that diners can relate to the food on their plates and immerse in a bit of the farm experience,” says Credo's chef and owner Heidi Bjerkan.

Putting prominence on provenance, one of the cow farmers also doubles up as a host to regale diners with anecdotes of rearing these cows to in the restaurant, which is housed in a former milk tank factory that is part of a sustainable redevelopment plan in a newly-constructed residential town in Trondheim.

Black-and-white portraits of cows adorn the walls at Credo, which remind diners about the provenance behind the dairy products. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)
Black-and-white portraits of cows adorn the walls at Credo, which remind diners about the provenance behind the dairy products. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)

For its impressive eco-friendly restaurant practices, Credo received the inaugural Sustainable Restaurant of the Year award at the MICHELIN Nordic Countries Guide 2019 gala in February.

Credo has also championed sustainable land use practices. Its on-site 300-square-meter farm grows many vegetables, micro-greens and fruit on soil that is enriched by compost made from food waste. A minimal amount of pesticides are used as ducks waddle around to prey on slugs. A considerable amount of produce, meat, milk and sour cream are sourced from two other farms—Fannremsgården and Skjølberg Søndre—both in the Trøndelag region.

Signature dishes on Credo’s 20- to 26-course chef's tasting menu include grilled langoustine and fermented fruit, as well as potetlompe, potato pancakes made with local potatoes and aged and fermented tubers.

Credo is housed in a former milk tank factory in Trondheim. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)
Credo is housed in a former milk tank factory in Trondheim. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)

Bjerkan also uses local grains to make sourdough bread, pasta and a beverage that contains water extracted from fermenting bread. She also uses every part of langoustine—her personal favorite shellfish—including its meat, tail and shell.

“I hope to use my restaurant as a platform to get people to start thinking about new and alternative ways to reuse food and exploring more ways of supporting farmers," she says.

Bjerkan practices biodynamic farming, a holistic and spiritual approach to growing food sustainably. One such way is the regular rotation of crops. She says that it is crucial to plan the position of each crop in her farm so that an optimal amount of nutrients can be passed to the neighboring crops.

“Taking the sustainable route is the future. If you do not think about this, the world will not have a future,” she adds.

RELATED: Trondheim to host MICHELIN Guide Nordic Countries 2020 Star Revelation

Credo also houses a 300-square-meter garden that grows its own vegetables, herbs and fruit. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)
Credo also houses a 300-square-meter garden that grows its own vegetables, herbs and fruit. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)

How did your interest in sustainable cooking start?

I grew up surrounded by lots of natural produce. My grandfather was a fisherman, who brought seaweed and fish, and we grew carrots and potatoes in our farm. As I grew older, I started to pay more attention to the effects of climate change.

However, I became more interested in sustainable food practices after working as the executive chef for the royal family in Norway for eight years. There was a huge garden in the palace, which grew many vegetables and fruit. The more I got exposed to farming, the more knowledge I gained, which is key to saving the world.


What is the biggest challenge of implementing sustainable dining practices at Credo?

It is educating chefs to change their ways of preparing food and cooking when they are already so accustomed to their daily kitchen routines. It takes time to get them to realize the possibilities of using leftover food, or recycling food waste as compost instead of throwing it away.

Chef Heidi Bjerkan at a Norwegian Seafood Council event in Singapore in July. (Photo by Kenneth Goh.)
Chef Heidi Bjerkan at a Norwegian Seafood Council event in Singapore in July. (Photo by Kenneth Goh.)
How do you overcome this challenge?

My chefs have to work in farms to experience the harvesting process and understand the hard work behind cultivating produce. It is only then they will think twice about throwing ingredients away.

It is usually easier when these experiences are ingrained in them at a younger age, that’s why the average age of my kitchen staff is 20 years old. They have so much curiosity and take the initiative to find out more about the produce.

Which kitchen practice irritates you most?


The excessive use of plastic in the food preparation process, such as using cling film and vacuum bags. Instead of plastic packaging, I store ingredients in glass containers and explore eco-friendly alternatives like beeswax paper.
Credo is part of an urban redevelopment plan that comprises new housing estates. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)
Credo is part of an urban redevelopment plan that comprises new housing estates. (Photo courtesy of Credo.)
What is the biggest misconception on sustainability?

People care more about how ingredients look than how they taste and discard ingredients that are not of the right shape and size. Crooked and odd-shaped carrots can actually taste amazing too.

Food waste is the worst thing to encounter in kitchens and it is sad that many kitchens still do not have the capacity and knowledge to think about alternative ways of maximizing the uses of food.

People

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