People 2 minutes 08 June 2016

Ask the Experts: Deciphering a sake label

Ordering a sake off an all-Japanese menu can be rather intimidating for non-Japanese speakers, but it doesn't have to be if you know which key terms to look out for.

technique Ask the Expert beverage

Always had a burning question but not sure who to ask? In our regular Ask the Experts section, we do all the noseying about so you don't have to. 

Charles (Epicurean Nomads).jpg

In this edition of our regular series, we spend some time understanding sake variations with Charles Ng, a sake connoisseur who has traversed the vast Japanese archipelago in search of Japan’s finest artisanal beer and sake breweries.

He has visited close to 100 sake and beer breweries in different prefectures in Japan to date, tasting more than 1,000 variations of sake and beer. Together with co-founder Joan Lim, they manage Epicurean Nomads, a craft beer and sake distributorship based in Singapore.

Hi Charles, I enjoy drinking sake but I'm often intimidated by their labels. Can you give me a few pointers on what to look out for when ordering sake in a Japanese restaurant?
A well-curated sake list in any restaurant should have clear classifications on the types and grades of sakes. This is typically organised by the prefecture of origin when the range is sufficiently extensive.
Having an understanding of the various grades of sakes and how that corresponds and translates to general taste profiles will provide you with a good framework to navigate most sake menus with ease.
Junmai vs non-junmai
Sakes falls into two broad classifications, namely junmai and non-junmai type sakes:
  1. Junmai (純米) refers to sake brewed without the addition of any distilled alcohol, for example, junmai (純米) or tokubetsu; junmai (特別純米酒); junmai ginjo (純米吟醸) and junmai daiginjo (純米大吟醸). They tend to have a richer, more full-bodied profile.

  2. In this day and age, however, distilled alcohol is added for stylistic reasons, giving rise to non-junmai type sakes, which have more pronounced aromatics and lighter bodies. The following three styles fall into the non-junmai type category: honjyozo (本醸造) or tokubetsu honjyozo (特別本醸造); ginjo (吟醸 ); and daiginjo (大吟醸)
If gentle umami notes are what you look for in a sake, you should scan for junmai type sakes within the selection. I tend to pick junmai-type sakes while savoring a kaiseki meal or at a high-end sushiya, allowing the sakes to coax and heighten the umami flavours from the delicate produce or well marbled shimofuri otoro.

Conversely,  if you prefer nice fruit-driven aromatics with a lighter and more transparent profile,  zoom in on the ginjos and daiginjos on the menu. While I’m out with friends for yakitori, a well balanced ginjo or daiginjo would be our choice of tipple for the evening. Sipping on a ginjo in between skewers is supremely refreshing and allows us to fully savour morsels of grilled chicken, and it works really well with both shio (salt) and tare (teriyaki sauce).

Semaibuai, or Rice Polishing Ratio

Another thing to look out for on sake labels is the semaibuai, or Rice Polishing Ratio. It is published on most menus and sake label and relates to the grade or classification of the sake. Japanese sake is made with rice that has been polished or milled down and the percentage listed on a bottle refers to the percentage of the rice that remains after the husk of the rice kernel is polished off.

Junmai daiginjos and daiginjos tend to be more refined as more of the proteins and impurities on the outer kernels of the rice grains are removed during the polishing process. 

70%honjyozo / tokubetsu honjyozo / junmai
60%ginjo / junmai ginjo / tokubetsu junmai
50% or less

junmai daiginjo / daiginjo

However, refinement isn’t always synonymous with how enjoyable a sake can or ought to be, and the mark of a great brewery lies with the quality of their entire range.  
If you’re seeking out value, look for tokubetsu junmais (特別純米酒) with a semaibuai of at least 60 per cent and you may just realize that an entry level sake, tucked away from the limelight of the list, may just be your next favourite sake.

Epicurean Nomads will be serving their Summer Moon - Ginjo, Nabeshima Junmai Daiginjo 45%, Nabeshima Daiginjo - Daiginjo and Harvest Moon - Junmai Ginjo sakes from Japan's prized Nabeshima sake brewery at our the upcoming An Evening with Hideaki Matsuo dinners from 8 to 11 July. Book your tickets to the dinner here.

“In our next edition of Ask the Experts, we talk to Amanda Tan, the founder of Zairyo, an online emporium for premium Japanese produce. Send any questions you have for her to with 'Ask the Experts' in the subject title and we’ll help you find the answer.”


Subscribe to our newsletter and be the first to get news and updates about the MICHELIN Guide
Follow the MICHELIN Guide on social media for updates and behind-the-scene information.