Features 4 minutes 01 October 2022

What is a Michelin Star?

All your questions answered by a MICHELIN Guide Inspector.

What is a Michelin Star?
A Michelin Star is awarded to restaurants offering outstanding cooking. We take into account five universal criteria: the quality of the ingredients, the harmony of flavours, the mastery of techniques, the personality of the chef as expressed through their cuisine and, just as importantly, consistency both across the entire menu and over time.

Are Michelin Stars annual awards?
Yes. Along with seeking out new Stars, we continually reassess existing Star restaurants to ensure the same high standard of cooking is being offered to guests.

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Bybrook - Castle Combe
Bybrook - Castle Combe

Is the decoration/style of restaurant a factor in awarding a Star?
No. A Michelin Star is awarded for the food on the plate – nothing else. The style of a restaurant and its degree of formality or informality have no bearing whatsoever on the award.

Who are the judges? Who makes the decisions?
The famously anonymous Michelin Inspectors – all full-time employees who are former restaurant and hospitality professionals – make the decisions. Once several inspectors have eaten at a restaurant, they then discuss their experiences as a team in order to make a final decision.

How many meals do you have in a restaurant before awarding it a Star?
As many as it takes for us to get the complete picture. Consistency is very important when awarding Michelin Stars, so we need to be sure that customers will receive the same high standard of cooking whenever they visit. Various inspectors will visit throughout the seasons: for lunch as well as for dinner, both at the weekend and during the week.

What do you order?
We try to eat as many dishes as possible over the course of the year, as we do need to try as much of the chef’s food as we can. We have to be sure that all the dishes that come out of the kitchen are of a consistently high standard.

Do you eat alone or in pairs?
It varies. Sometimes we eat alone, sometimes in pairs, and occasionally even as a group. However, we still always make our final decisions collectively.

How important is international experience for Inspectors?
Very important. All inspectors are sent around the world to eat in the countries where we currently make MICHELIN Guides. This ensures that all inspectors judge by the same standards and have the same reference points – a Michelin Star must mean the same and have the same value, regardless of where in the world it is located.

The Ninth - London
The Ninth - London

Does service play a part?
Again, no. It’s entirely up to the restaurant to decide what style of service it wants to offer – and that has no bearing on a Michelin Star.

Can any restaurant qualify?
Yes, any restaurant of any style and cuisine type can qualify for a Star.

Do restaurants have to apply for a Star?
If the restaurant is currently in the MICHELIN Guide then they don’t need to apply for a Star, as all the restaurants in the guide are re-assessed regularly. Any restaurant can ask us to consider them for inclusion in the MICHELIN Guide and we love receiving recommendations from our readers too.

If the Head Chef leaves, do you automatically remove the Star?
Not necessarily, as Michelin Stars are awarded to the restaurant and not the chef. Sometimes the restaurant will promote the sous chef who is of equal talent to his or her predecessor; others might hire a talented chef from another restaurant. We will simply return to the restaurant and see how well we eat.

Do you have set criteria that the kitchen must adhere to?
There is no secret, mathematical formula – we’re just looking for really great cooking. Some Michelin Stars are innovative, some traditional; some offer set menus, others à la carte; some are casual places, others formal. No one person will like every Starred restaurant and that’s how it should be. All we are saying is “these are the restaurants with the best food, where you will enjoy the most outstanding culinary experiences”. It is then up to the reader to choose the one that best suits their needs/preferences.

Do you have a limit on how many Stars you can award in one year?
No, there is no limit. We often have many candidates during the year but some fall away as they simply aren’t consistent enough; some have one or two great dishes in their repertoire but serve others that aren’t quite as memorable; and some kitchens can take a little longer for their cooking to mature.

The Angel - Hetton
The Angel - Hetton

Why do you take Stars away?
We make our Guides for our readers so, if we feel the cooking at a restaurant is no longer at the same level that it was, then we would not re-award the Star the following year.

Do you have to be a formal restaurant to get a Star?
One of the great misconceptions about our guide is that we have a preference for more formal restaurants. This is simply not true. It’s probably a hangover from 30-40 years ago when, in most European cities, the best cooking was often found in formal restaurants. Thankfully we now have Stars in all different styles of restaurant and the hospitality industry is all the better for it.

Do you also take into consideration the wine list?
Restaurants that are serious about their food tend to also ensure they have an interesting wine list to complement it, so that element usually takes care of itself.

What happens when you eat in a restaurant and then find the Head Chef was away?
A famous chef was once asked the question “Who cooks when you’re away?” to which he replied, “The same people who cook when I am here”. We don’t care who is doing the cooking, just as long as it’s at the same standard that it has always been. And remember, Stars are given to the restaurant, not just an individual chef.

How do you feel when you read that a chef “is not cooking for the guides”?
We are delighted whenever we read that. Any chef who is not cooking exclusively for their customers has clearly lost their way. No chef should cook for the Guides or for anyone or for any reason other than for making their customers happy.

Gordon Ramsay.jpg

What is the difference between 1, 2 and 3 Michelin Stars? 

One MICHELIN Star is awarded to restaurants using top quality ingredients, where dishes with distinct flavours are prepared to a consistently high standard.
Two MICHELIN Stars are awarded when the personality and talent of the chef are evident in their expertly crafted dishes; their food is refined and inspired.
Three MICHELIN Stars is our highest award, given for the superlative cooking of chefs at the peak of their profession; their cooking is elevated to an art form and some of their dishes are destined to become classics.

What other awards for cooking are there in the MICHELIN Guide?
The Bib Gourmand is our award for great value, and highlights simple yet skilful cooking at an affordable price. (But we should also say that we are looking for a high standard of cooking just for a restaurant to be recommended in the MICHELIN Guide.)

The Green Star is our newest award. It was introduced to the MICHELIN Guide France in 2020 and is now featured in every country covered by the MICHELIN Guide. It is awarded to restaurants that are role models when it comes to sustainable gastronomy.

Do you ever give feedback to a restaurant?
No. The only feedback a restaurant should consider is the feedback it gets from its customers.

Does a Michelin Star put undue pressure on a chef?
Chefs do not have to do anything differently when their restaurant gets a Michelin Star – apart from maintaining the same standard of cooking that won them the Star in the first place. That being said, they may well find themselves more in demand.

Kitchen W8 - London
Kitchen W8 - London

Do restaurant standards drop on busy Fridays and Saturdays?
No – quite the reverse. Most restaurants are at their best when they’re busy – and there is nothing we like more than walking into a packed restaurant. The challenge for any restaurant is maintaining a high standard on a quiet lunch on a wet Tuesday in January.

What advice would you give a young chef?
Three things:
1. Great cooking starts with great ingredients, so use the best produce you can find – whether that’s a tomato or a chicken.
2. Take pleasure in cooking for your customers, rather than cooking to try and win awards
3. Eat out as much as you can, but also eat your own dishes – sometimes it’s not until you’re halfway through a dish that you realise it’s not quite right.


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